The diagnosis of malocclusion ( disrupted position and arrangement of the teeth and jaws) is made on the basis of clinical examination and profile and orthopan- tomographic x-ray and after analysis, the plan for orthodontic therapy is made. Depending on age and the type of malocclusion, mobile or fixed orthodontic appliance is advised.
MOBILE ORTHODONTIC APPLIANCE usually wears children when at a certain moment of their development we have to act on their bone structures and their jaws widen, or when the incorrect position of the teeth is to be brought into the correct position. The period of wearing this appliance is very important and is determined by the orthodontist. It is not allowed to wear it when eating and during some physical activities. The mobile orthodontic appliance can be worn even from the age of 6, i.e. from the emergence of the first permanent teeth.
FIXED ORTHODONTIC APPLIANCE is used without upper age limit, the ideal period for children to wear it is from the age of 13,i.e. after the emergence of the second permanent molars.
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